All of us have had a lifetime of personal experience with the phenomenon of sleep, either hitting the snooze button as teenagers, burning the midnight oil as busy professionals, or rocking a fussy baby to sleep as parents. It does not require any special expertise to appreciate the importance of sleep quantity and quality for our health and well-being, and it is easy to understand how sleep disorders can have a significant impact on functioning.
This learning program is designed to introduce you to narcolepsy, one of the most severe conditions associated with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). The program begins with a brief overview of the epidemiology of narcolepsy, followed by a detailed description of its clinical presentation. The program will conclude with an explanation of the pathophysiology underlying this condition.
Upon completion of this learning program, you will be able to::
Discuss the incidence, prevalence, and demographics of narcolepsy.
Identify and describe the signs and symptoms of narcolepsy.
Describe the functioning of the sleep-wake switch and how it is altered with narcolepsy.
Explain the autoimmune hypothesis underlying narcolepsy pathophysiology.